Overview of biofuels obligations in the EU

2022 national biofuels policies

Use of biofuels in the EU varies by Member State, depending on how countries choose to meet their targets for renewables in transport and for reduction of greenhouse-gas intensity of fuels under the Fuel Quality Directive. Some Member States set an overall biofuels incorporation target; some set separate targets for biofuels in petrol or diesel or both; others rely solely on targets for the reduction of carbon intensity in fuels.

The chart below includes detailed biofuels obligations for all EU Member States. To download the full table of biofuels obligations in 2022, click here.

Country Type Minimum overall biofuel target (%) Advanced biofuel target [1] (%) Biofuel in petrol (%) Biofuel in diesel (%) Reduction of GHG intensity of fuels (%)

Austria

Energy 5.75 0.5 3.4 6.3 -6

Belgium

Energy 10.2 0.11 [2] 6.5 6.5

Bulgaria*

Volume

Energy

1 (in diesel)

0.05

9

6

Croatia

Energy 8.81 0.2 0.1 8.71 -6

Cyprus

Energy 14 [3] 0.2 -6

Czechia

Volume -6

Denmark

Energy 0.9 -3.4

Estonia

Energy 7.5 [4] 0.5

Finland

Energy 19.5 [5] 2

France

Energy 1. (in petrol)
0.2 (in diesel)
9.2 8.4 -10

Germany

Energy 0.2 -7 [6]

Greece

Volume

Energy

0.2

3.3

7

Hungary [7]

Energy 8.4 0.2 6.1 (RON 95 petrol) 0.2 (HVO)

Ireland [8]

Volume 14.9 0.2 -6

Italy

Energy 2.5 -6

Latvia

Volume

Lithuania

Volume 6.8 0.2 [9] 6.6  6.2

Luxembourg*

Energy 7.7 [10] -6

Malta

Energy 10 0.1

Netherlands[11]

Energy 17.9 1.8 -6

Poland

Energy 8.8 0.1 3.2 5

Portugal

Volume 11 0.5

Romania

Volume 8 6.5

Slovakia

Volume

Energy

8.2

 –

0.3 (single- counted)

9

6.9

-6

Slovenia

Energy 10.1 [12] 0.2 -6

Spain

Energy 10 [13] 0.2

Sweden

Petrol -7.8

Diesel -30.5

* The Czech Republic suspended biofuels obligation as of July 2022 in connection with the surge of fuel prices. Latvia
suspended biofuels blending obligations from 1 July 2022 to 31 December 2023

* Some Member States exclude biofuels from high-ILUC feedstocks such as: Austria (palm), Denmark (palm and derivatives,
soy), France (palm and derivatives, soy), Sweden (palm)

[1] After double-counting
[2] Double counting at 0.95%
[3] RES-T
[4] Crop-based biofuels capped at 4.5%
[4] Crop-based biofuels capped at 2.6%
[6] Caps (in e/e): crop-based biofuels at 4.4%; high-ILUC-risk biofuels at 0.9%; Annex IX-B at 1.9%
[7] Annex IX-B biofuels capped at 4% after double-counting
[8] Crop-based biofuels capped at 2%
[9] Including RFNBOs
[10] 9.7% with multipliers. Can be lowered to 6%. Advanced biofuels must be at least 50% of the biofuels mix after double-counting. Crop-based capped at 5%
[11] Crop-based biofuels capped at 1.4%. UER cannot be counted towards the 6% GHG intensity target
[12] Obligation for renewable energy in transport, to be achieved through the use of biofuels, renewable electricity, RCF, RFNBOs
[13] Crop-based capped at 7%. High-ILUC-risk biofuels cap (including palm oil, oil palm fresh fruit bunches, PFAD, palm kernel oil and palm kernel shells oil) at 3.1%

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This