Overview of biofuels obligations in the EU

2021 national biofuels policies

Use of biofuels in the EU varies by Member State, depending on how countries choose to meet their targets for renewables in transport and for reduction of greenhouse-gas intensity of fuels under the Fuel Quality Directive. Some Member States set an overall biofuels incorporation target; some set separate targets for biofuels in petrol or diesel or both; others rely solely on targets for the reduction of carbon intensity in fuels.

The chart below includes detailed biofuels obligations for all EU Member States and the U.K. To download the full table of biofuels obligations in 2021, click here.

Country Type Minimum overall biofuel target (%) Advanced biofuel target*(%) Biofuel in petrol (%) Biofuel in diesel (%) Reduction of GHG intensity of fuels (%)

Austria

Energy 5.75 0.5 3.4 6.3 -6

Belgium

Energy 9.55 0.1 6.5 6.5 -6

Bulgaria

Volume

Energy

1 (in diesel)

0.05

9

6

-6

Croatia

Energy 8.81 0 0.1 8.71 -6

Cyprus

Energy 7.3 -6

Czechia

Volume 4.1 6 -6

Denmark

Energy 7.6 0.3 5 -6

Estonia

Energy 10 [1] 0.5 -6

Finland

Energy 18 [2] 2 -6

France

Energy 1 (in petrol)
2 (in diesel)
8.6 [3] 8 [3] -10

Germany

Energy 0.1 -6

Greece

Volume

Energy

0.2

3.3

7

-6

Hungary

Energy 6.1 (RON 95 petrol) 8.2 -6

Ireland

Volume 12.36 0.25 -6

Italy

Energy 10 2 [4] -6

Latvia

Volume 9.5 [5] and 5 [5] 6.5-7 [6] -6

Lithuania

Volume 0.5 10 [7] 7 -6

Luxembourg

Energy 7.7 [8] -6

Malta

Energy 10 0.1 -6

Netherlands

Energy 17.5 ≥1.2 -6 [9]

Poland

Energy 8.7 0.1 3.2 4.95 -6

Portugal

Volume 11 [10] 0.5 [10] -10

Romania

Volume 8 6.5 -6

Slovakia

Volume

Energy

8

 –

0.3

9

6.9

-6

Slovenia

Energy 10 0.5 -6

Spain

Energy 9.5 [11] 0.1 [12]

Sweden

Petrol -4.2 [13]

Diesel -21 [13]

UK

Volume 10.1 [14] 0.5 -6

* after double-counting

[1] Blending obligations should not apply to RON 98 petrol fuel
[2] Double counting of advanced biofuels is not possible anymore in 2021
[3] In addition to the ineligibility of palm-based biofuels, soy is capped at 0% for biofuels blended in petrol and 0.7% in diesel
[4] Of which at least 0.5% reserved to advanced biofuels other than biomethane
[5] For RON 95 and RON 98 petrol fuel respectively
[6] With exception in winter
[7] Optional for 98 octane petrol
[8] 9.7% after double counting. Advanced biofuels must represent at least 50% of the biofuels mix after double counting
[9] UER can no longer be used for compliance with art. 7a of the FQD
[10] According to a draft decree
[11] According to a draft royal decree
[12] Indicative
[13] Maintained until 30 June 2021
[14] The cap on crop feedstock decreased from 4% to 3.83% in 2021

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