National scorecard: Which EU Member States are up-to-speed on renewable energy?


Boosting the share of renewable energy in across the EU is a crucial part of Europe’s efforts to fight climate change but Member States’ track record in meeting important milestones is mixed.

While currently only a handful of countries have fully transposed the Renewable Energy Directive II (RED II) into national legislation, the majority of Member States have implemented the transport related provisions. Some countries, including Belgium, Bulgaria, Greece, Luxembourg, Poland, and Portugal, have an obsolete framework for renewables in transport.

The European Commission is on the case: Since the transposition of RED II into national law was due by 30 June 2021, the Commission issued letters of formal notice to all 27 EU Member States and reasoned opinions to the majority of them between July 2021 and September 2022. In January 2023, Slovakia and Bulgaria were referred to Court. The infringement cases alerted the Member States on either an incomplete transposition of RED II provisions, or a failure to notify the Commission of their full transposition.

Meanwhile the need for more renewables in transport is greater than ever. As recently updated Eurostat figures show, the EU is still overly reliant on fossil fuels for transport and Member States are lagging behind in efforts to promote renewable energy sources such as sustainable biofuels. The new figures confirm the importance of preserving a role in Fit for 55 policies for proven solutions such as crop-based biofuels to meet ambitious climate goals.

For a full overview of national biofuels policies and markets across the EU, read our newly updated report.

Countries marked in green have fully transposed, or are in the very last stage of transposing, RED II provisions for renewable energy in transport into their national legislation.

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